What to expect during enumeration

During enumeration, a census official (enumerator) will visit each household and administer a questionnaire (collect some information) from the head of household or any other adult in the household. The enumerator will present their ID card on arrival. The interview to collect information must be conducted in the language that the respondent (household member) can understand.


It is important that everyone takes note of the Census Night and where you spent that night to answer the questions accurately. All household heads should also make note of all the persons that slept in their household on the Census Night (both usual members of the household and any visitors).
Enumerators will visit all households/institutions and collect detailed information on the persons that slept there on Census Night. As such it is important that all households heads are able to answer these questions on behalf of others in their absence. The information to be collected covers the following:
1.      Travel history of household members who have migrated abroad
2.      Socio-demographic characteristics (age, sex, education, ethnicity, religion etc.)
3.      Literacy and education
4.      Economic activity (employment status, job description, occupation, industry)
5.      Difficulties in performing daily living activities (seeing, hearing, walking etc.)
6.      Ownership and usage of ICT devices
7.      Children born to women 12 years or over
8.      Deaths of household members within the past 12 months
9.      Housing conditions (construction materials of structure; water supply; asset ownership)
10.   Sanitation (disposal of solid and liquid waste)
11.   Source of water, lighting and cooking fuel
For more details of what will be asked during enumeration you can peruse the questionnaires here

You Should Know

A Population Census is the complete enumeration of all persons in a country at a specified time. The enumeration implies the collection, compilation, evaluation, analysis, publication and dissemination of demographic, social and economic statistics relating to the population.

A Housing Census is the complete enumeration of all living quarters (occupied and vacant) in a country at a specified time. This enumeration also implies the collection, compilation, evaluation, analysis, publication, and dissemination of statistical data pertaining to these living quarters and the occupants.

A Population and Housing Census consists of a population census and a housing census as one operation. The two censuses, though separate, constitute one statistical operation and they are not completely independent of each other because of the essential elements of each census which are common to both and are also with well-coordinated activities.

The information on the population and living quarters can be more readily matched, and processing is facilitated, and extensive analysis can be carried out. This also makes it possible to relate to the housing census data, the information on demographic and economic characteristics of each household member that is routinely collected in the population census.

A Population and Housing Census (PHC) has many uses. In the first place, it will give us the total number of persons and housing types and their characteristics in every town or village or a given small area in the country. This information will be of great help to the Central and Local Governments in planning various educational, health, housing and other social services. The information that will be derived from the census will also help the private sector, including businesses to plan their activities, which will be of benefit to the economic development of this country. In addition, international bodies, including Development Partners (DPs) and Non-Governmental Organizations will also utilize the Population and Housing Census data when planning for Ghana.

Interested in the 2021 PHC reports?
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